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Further resources



Complaintline - Not sure who to ask for help? In New Zealand there are a wide range of agencies providing dispute investigation services and/or enforcement of consumer protection legislation. Complaintline has a list of organisations that people can complain to and a summary of their roles.

Connect Smart - Connect Smart is a New Zealand Government cyber security initiative coordinated by the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. The Connect Smart website hosts news and information about cyber security.

Human Rights Commission

Independent Police Conduct Authority

Law Commission - The Law Commission has carried out a wide-ranging review of privacy law in New Zealand. The review was in four stages, and covered privacy values, technological change and international trends, and their implications for NZ law; the law relating to public registers; the adequacy of civil and criminal law to deal with invasions of privacy; and a review of the Privacy Act 1993.

New Zealand Government

New Zealand Law Society

New Zealand Legal Information Institute (NZLII) - Free access to 54 databases of NZ law covering case law, courts and cases, legislation and much more.

Office of the Ombudsmen

Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security

Privacy Officers' Round Table


New Zealand's privacy laws are just one part of a world-wide picture of privacy protection. Privacy is protected as a human right at the highest international level.

UN instruments

The United Nations has adopted provisions or instruments that protect privacy. For example:

Those UN instruments are set at a very general level.


A number of international bodies have developed more detailed guidelines for information privacy protection. Examples from two organisations that New Zealand is a member of are:

New Zealand has filed an Individual Action Plan (IAP) under the APEC Privacy Framework. IAPs from other APEC economies are also available for comparison and further information. You can view the APEC Privacy Enforcement Workshop held in July 2013 here.

New Zealand has published its enforcement jurisdiction and policies as a participant in the APEC Cooperation Arrangement for Cross-Border Privacy Enforcement (CPEA).



See the Summary Statement of Privacy Enforcement Authority enforcement practices, policies and activities.

View the European Commission decision that New Zealand privacy law provides an adequate standard of data protection for the purposes of EU law.





Asia Pacific Privacy Authorities (APPA) - Asia Pacific Privacy Authorities is the principal forum for regional privacy authorities to form partnerships and exchange ideas about privacy regulation, new technologies and the management of privacy enquiries and complaints. View some further information on APPA.



Other international networks

There are also several other international meetings of privacy regulators which the Privacy Commissioner and his staff contribute to. These are:

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners - International conferences of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners are held annually. They are attended by delegates representing data protection and privacy authorities from around the world. There is more information about recent conferences here.

Global Privacy Enforcement Network (GPEN) - The network was created to strengthen personal privacy protections in this global context by assisting public authorities with responsibilities for enforcing domestic privacy laws strengthen their capacities for cross-border cooperation. The New Zealand Privacy Commissioner's Office has been participating in an annual GPEN sweep.

International Working Group on Data Protection in Telecommunications (IWGDPT) - The group meets periodically throughout the year in member countries, and members have developed common positions on a wide range of issues. IWGDPT working papers and common position papers are available from the IWGDPT website. One issue illustrates well the way in which the IWGDPT works. We are very much aware of theft of personal information and identity theft. Theft of information can take place from web browser software that stores this information in the web browser cache. This problem particularly affects personal computers shared in public spaces. The New Zealand Privacy Commissioner raised the problem as an issue that was particularly relevant to cyber cafés and we suggested that cyber café operators should address as an aspect of security and privacy best practice. The Office presented a paper on this subject which IWGDPT subsequently adopted. View the paper (PDF 2 pages).


View the Memorandum of Understanding between the Office of the Australian Privacy Commissioner and the Office of the New Zealand Privacy Commissioner.